It Doesn’t Cost Money to Earn Miles Anymore

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When the first airline credit card was introduced in 1986 (the Continental TravelBank Gold MasterCard from Marine Midland Bank, now HSBC) things were much simpler.

  • You earned one mile per dollar spent.
  • You paid an annual fee for the privilege of earning miles.

Early new cardmember bonuses were quite modest.

The Citibank American AAdvantage cards offered 5000 miles (2500 on approval and 2500 with first purchass) and had a $50 annual fee (waived for the first 6 months).

Continental’s card had just a $26 annual fee (also waived for 6 months). United’s card from First Chicago had a $45 annual fee (waived for a year) and didn’t offer miles as a bonus, but instead gave new cardmembers a $25 travel certificate to use with United or Westin, Hilton, or Hertz — which were all commonly owned at the time. The card also came with an upgrade certificate from each of the four travel companies.

Since then mileage-earning rates have gotten faster. Award costs have in many cases gone up. And annual fees have gone up too. Airline card cards mostly hover in the $95 per year range, which is roughly what $45 works out to today adjusting for inflation (using the CPI).

That makes sense if:

  • The card has a better value proposition than products which are less expensive
  • The customer spends enough on the card to make the fee worth it

No annual fee airline cards existed, often as downgrade products (“instead of cancelling because you don’t want a fee, we have this special card for you”) and commonly that card would earn less than one mile per dollar.

Increasingly over the past couple of years bank issuers have sought out the no annual fee market for airline cards. There’s been a lot of competition for rewards card signups, including from the banks themselves. So this is a new market to reach for growth.

American Express went there four years ago with their Everyday card offering a full transferable point per dollar spent.

Delta, United, and American all offer refreshed no annual fee card products. The United card offers travel credit, 1.5% back to spend with United (it’s hard to see why you wouldn’t prefer 2% back in cash from the Citi Double Cash Card).

I like the American Airlines AAdvantage MileUp℠ Card as the best new entrant in this category. It offers 10,000 AAdvantage bonus miles and a $50 statement credit after spending $500 in purchases within the first three months after account opening.

Earning is 2 miles per dollar on American Airlines purchases and at grocery stores and 1 full mile per dollar everywhere else. This no annual fee card is one of the best card for grocery store spend earning a full two miles and not capping bonus earning in the category despite having no annual fee.

In essence I think the 4 reasons to consider the American Airlines AAdvantage MileUp℠ Card are:

  1. Grocery store earning. 2 miles per dollar at grocery stores and this is uncapped.

  2. Make money in year one. The card offers 10,000 AAdvantage bonus miles and a $50 statement credit after spending $500 in purchases within the first three months after account opening.

  3. You can still get other Citi AAdvantage cards. Getting this card doesn’t preclude earning a bonus on other Citi-issued American cards like the Citi® / AAdvantage® Platinum Select® World Elite™ Mastercard® (50,000 bonus miles after making $2500 in purchases within the first 3 months of account opening, $0 annual fee the first year, then $99 — Offer expired); CitiBusiness® / AAdvantage® Platinum Select® World Mastercard® (60,000 bonus miles after $3,000 in purchases in first 4 months, $0 annual fee the first year then $99); Citi® / AAdvantage® Executive World Elite™ Mastercard® (50,000 bonus miles after $5000 spend within the first 3 months of cardmembership).

  4. No bank transfer options. Unlike United miles (where Chase Ultimate Rewards cards earn faster and transfer) and Delta miles (where American Express Membership Rewards cards earn faster and transfer) if you want to bulk up an AAdvantage account there’s no really an alternative to AAdvantage co-brands. For all of my complaints about availability of premium cabin awards on American’s own flights, I redeem AAdvantage miles more than any other currency for trips on their partner airlines like Cathay Pacific, Qantas, and Etihad.

Annual fee cards still make sense for most people spending a couple thousand dollars a month on credit cards. But for those who won’t pay an annual fee, or whose spend doesn’t justify a fee, it’s a richer time than ever to generate rewards.

About Gary Leff

Gary Leff is one of the foremost experts in the field of miles, points, and frequent business travel - a topic he has covered since 2002. Co-founder of frequent flyer community, emcee of the Freddie Awards, and named one of the "World's Top Travel Experts" by Conde' Nast Traveler (2010-Present) Gary has been a guest on most major news media, profiled in several top print publications, and published broadly on the topic of consumer loyalty. More About Gary »

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Editorial note: any opinions, analyses, reviews or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any card issuer. Comments made in response to this post are not provided or commissioned nor have they been reviewed, approved, or otherwise endorsed by any bank. It is not the responsibility of any advertiser to ensure that questions are answered, either. Terms and limitations apply to all offers.


  1. IMO
    10k AA miles (worth about $80) and $50 in cash back isn’t worth it to me when restricted to the 5/24 rule at Chase and now others have. Sort of like an Amazon or Wally card bonus. Better off with the no annual fee Freedom card or B of A travel or a bank deposit bonus that has higher value and no fee.

  2. miles should hold the value they were earned at, not devalued every time they raise the amount needed for flights

  3. @Jack, I still have a Southwest card that was changed from an Airtran card to SW and sold from Barclay’s to Chase so it is now a Chase SW card. My main SW card is the usual 1 mile per $1 spent, but that old card is one of the oldest ones on my credit report so I didn’t want to close it down, I had chase drop the credit line down to $200 and put the remaining credit line on one of my other Chase cards. I literally never use the card but it helps keep my score up.

  4. Earning cash back just doesn’t have the same appeal to me.
    Although I have the cash, I would never spend it on first class tickets, whereas I do get a lot of enjoyment using miles to fly in business or first. It’s like winning a game.

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